Petra is one of the most amazing archaeological sites in the world and one of the New 7 Wonders of the World. Petra is a historical city located in Jordan built in ancient times. It is famous for its half built and half rock carving. Pettra is also known as the Rose City because of the red color of the stone. Being one of the new 7 wonders of the world, it is the most popular tourist destination in Jordan. It is an important historical and cultural site and has also been designated by UNESCO as a World Heritage Site. According to the belief, this city, founded in 312 BC, later came under Roman rule.
A master of technology, the Nabataeans had built a fully functional water system for the city. Famous for being carved in half a mountain, Pettra makes for a truly unique sight. The city appears to be blessed with wonders such as the narrow but tall siq, treasure, the temple of the winged lions, the great temple and even a dam. The city is a paradise for history and amazing architecture enthusiasts. Today we are going to tell you about its history, historical facts and going.
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History Of Petra Jordan
If we look at the history of Petra, it is believed that Petra was built in 312 BC. It was primarily a settlement inhabited by an ancient people named the Nabataeans. There was a place of rulers in it. and came under Roman rule in 105 AD. That is, Pettra was the capital of Nabataean rule before the 6th century BC. And the Muslims conquered Petra but did not remain under the Muslims for long.
After that the city of Petra was abandoned at the end of the 7th century. And some of its castles were destroyed at the end of the 11th century. By that time it was a ‘lost city’. It was rediscovered by a Swiss explorer in 1812. Petra was excavated in 1929 AD and in 2007 Pettra has been included in the new 7 wonders of the world.
Best Time To Visit Petra Jordan
The best time to visit Petra is in the spring months of March to May and the autumn months of September-November. Those months are cold. And some of the most iconic destinations in and around Jordan are best to visit. Pettra is hot and dry during the summer season. The temperature at that time is often 36 °C. Jordan experiences all four seasons of winter, summer, spring and autumn. Travelers from all over the world come here to see the diverse landscape and spectacular places. The best time during the day to visit Pettra is early in the morning and around 5am at sunrise. Because the best way is to avoid the crowd.
Currency In Petra Jordan
The currency of the country of Jordan is the Jordanian Dinar. Tourists can also use US dollars in the city of Petra. But it is advisable that you spend only dinars in the journey. This Wadi Musa also has ATMs. Credit cards are accepted at most major hotels and restaurants. But in many places only cash is accepted. For that reason passengers should take cash with them. Of course the stalls and vendors in Pettra only take cash.
Places To Visit In Petra Jordan
The Great Temple
Let us tell you that this is one of the largest ruins of Patras. According to archaeologists it is not known for certain whether it is actually a temple. Findings there indicate that it may have been a palace and a meeting hall. The Great Temple is the largest freestanding building. It covers an area of 7560 square meters. Evidence found by archaeologists indicates that the temple was about 19 feet tall. Its complex has two levels one lower and one upper.
Street of Facades
The façade lined with wonderful tombs is a long street of monumental tombs. They have large front faces and they are also known as false faces. He is hanging in front of her. There are many graves on both sides. It is decorated with grindstone. According to the belief, some tombs were also of senior officials or princes of the city. Some of the walls of the valley are adorned with tombs. But most of its facade has been damaged to a great extent due to floods.
Dam was built by the Nabataeans to protect Petra from flash floods. The dam stands at the entrance of Siki. He did this by redirecting flood waters into a tunnel that later came to be known as The Dark Tunnel. It was reconstituted by the government in 1963 and then in 1991. The original Nabataean architecture is visible in both of those reconstructions.
Treasury is a 40 meters high ancient and most famous temple of Petra. There are bullet makers on urns left by Bedouin travelers in the Treasury. They are intricately decorated with Corinthian capitals and figures to justify the theory. On its upper level, figures of dancing Amazons are seen, and at the entrance are statues of the twins Castor and Pollux. It all has figures from Greek mythology. The original purpose of the Treasury is as yet unknown. It appears in Hollywood, most famously in Indiana Jones and the Last Crusade.
Sikit is a mile long, narrow valley and the ancient main entrance to Petra. The path of Sikit begins at the dam and ends at the treasury (Al Khazneh). Where you can see huge square monuments carved out of the rock. It is known as gin rocks. The most impressive thing about Seek are the limestone patterns. They are carved around the rocks. Here you can also see an obelisk tomb and four pyramids.
Petra Visa Policy For Indians
Indian Tourist Jordan Visa can be applied for at the Embassy of Jordan in Delhi, at any of the consulates abroad or online. Jordan also offers the facility of Visa on Arrival for the recruits which you can get from Queen Alia International Airport, Amman. Jordan gives days visa for tourists from India.
Daily Budget for Petra Jordan
The ticket to enter the price of Petra varies. A non-adjusted one day pass is 90 JOD. An adjusted one day pass is 50J OD. The adjusted two day pass is 55 JOD. And the adjusted three day pass is 60 JOD. Might consider taking a packed lunch with him to the restaurant here. Also beware of stall holders trying to cheat him. It is advisable to carry as little money as possible here. Because there is also the danger of pickpockets.
How To Reach Petra From India
If you want to travel from India to Petra, then you have to take a flight to Amman from any international airport in India. Then one can directly reach Petra from Amman with the help of cab or bus. The distance from Amman Jordan to Pettra is about 186 kilometers. Queen Alia International Airport at Zizya, 30 kilometres from Jordanês capital Amman, and King Hussein International Airport at Aqaba are the two airports in Jordan.
Petra Map | Petra Location
Video of Petra Travel Guide
- This ancient city is located in Petra Wadi Musa.
- Pettra is half built and carved into the rock.
- Near the city there is an archaeological park of 265 square meters.
- The name Petra is derived from a feminine Greek word petros.
- It is located in the Kingdom of Jordan, which was the capital of the Nabataeans.
- Pettra is a huge and famous city of tombs, monuments and sacred structures.
- To get inside Petra, one has to pass through a narrow valley of 1 km.
- The theater here had a seating capacity of 5,000 to 8,000 people.
- Pettra is a major junction for the silk and spice trade routes.
- It has been defined by UNESCO as ‘the most expensive traditional asset of the traditional heritage of man’.
- The ruins of Pettra are one of the most famous archaeological sites in the world.
To enter Petra, you must first go to the nearest town, Wadi Musa, and buy tickets from the visitorsê centre.
The city is famous from around the world with carved red sandstone rock façades, tombs and temples.
Petra was built by the Nabateans in what is now southern Jordan.
The ancient city of Petra in Jordan became one of the 7 New Wonders of the World when it was chosen in 2007 by a vote of 100 million people.
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