Mount Everest is the highest mountain in the world. It is situated in the Himalayan mountain range. This mountain on the border of Tibet is one of the highest mountains. Mount Everrest is the coldest place and the highest mountain in the world. Many people dream of climbing it. There is no chance of any life on Everest. Let us tell you that many films and books have been written on Mount Everrest and its climbers. Many climbers share their heart-wrenching Everest climbing experiences in their book.
Everest is so tall that it can be easily seen even from space. But from space the huge mountain is visible as a small part. Everest attracts experienced climbers as well as new climbers. Which mountains go to climb every year. Let us tell you that there are many world records related to Mount Everest. The mountain is the highest mountain in the world with a height of 8840 meters and an elevation of 8840 meters above sea level. It is present in the country of Nepal, adjacent to the border of Tibet. It snows all the time.
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History of Mount Everest
In 1802, the British started exploring the world’s highest peak. The Government of Nepal was not ready to allow the British to enter earlier. He started his survey from Terai. But malaria was spread due to heavy rains. Some survey officers were also killed in it. The highest peak in the Himalayas is even higher than Mount Everest. Its name is Chimboroji Peak. If seen from space, Chimborozhi is the highest peak from the earth.
Chimborozhi mountain peak is about 15 feet high as seen from the Everest peak. But the height of mountains is measured above sea level. Due to this, Mount Everrest has got the status of the highest peak. In the expedition of the famous mountaineer Andrez Javda in the history of the world who climbed the mountain, captured the first eight thousand sindar, which has become history for mountaineering.
Atmosphere At Mount Everest
Let us tell you that the atmosphere of Everest is harmful for living things. Because the mountain averages only -2 degrees Fahrenheit (-19 degrees Celsius) in July. So January is the coldest month in Everest. Due to this the temperature remains -33 degrees. Other than that it can drop to -76 degrees Fahrenheit. Due to this, there can be sudden storms in Mount Everrest.
Let me tell you that the temperature is unexpectedly low. The peak of Mount Everest is so high that it reaches the lower limit of the jet stream. It has sustained winds of about 100 miles (160 km) per hour. The snow here falls during the summer from May to mid-September. The risk of frostbite is highest for climbers who climb Everest.
Information About Mount Everest Climbers
The first ascent of Mount Everest was done by Edmund Hillary and Tenzing Norgay.
20 May 1965 – Sherpa Nawang becomes the first person to reach the Gombu summit.
16 May 1975 – Junko Tabei of Japan becomes the first woman in the world to climb Mount Everrest.
1978 – Italian citizens Reinhold Messner and Peter Hubler with no oxygen bottle.
May 3, 1980 – Japanese climber Yasuo Kato
August 20, 1980 – Reinhold Messner is the first solo person to reach the summit.
India’s Santosh Yadav made the first ascent in 1992 and the second in 1993.
16 people lost their lives while climbing Everest in 1996.
22 May 2010 – Apa Sherpa who first climbed the mountain on 10 May 1990. He has reached the summit by climbing the mountain 20 times so far.
Bachendri Pal became the first Indian woman to climb Everest.
On 23 May 2013, Yuichiro Miura of Japan climbed Mount Everest at the age of 80.
May 19, 2012 – Japan’s Tame Watanabe becomes the first elderly woman to climb at the age of 73
Mountains Nearby Mount Everest
Lhotse – (27,940 ft / 8,516 m)
Newepse – (25,771 ft / 7,855 m)
Changtobes – (24,870 ft / 7,580 m)
Glacier And Climate At Mount Everest
Let us tell you that the slopes of Everest are covered with glaciers. To the east of Mount Everrest is the Kangshung Glacier; To the east, middle, and west are the Rongbuk (Rongpu) glaciers. Along with this, Pumori Glacier and Khumbu Glacier are present on Everest. Glacial action has been primarily responsible for the heavy and continuous erosion of Everest and other high Himalayan peaks.
Fauna & Flora At Mount Everest
Many wildlife lives in the lower parts of the mountain. Musk deer, wild yak, red panda, snow leopard and Himalayan black bear live in slightly lower altitudes. Apart from this Himalayan thar, deer, langur monkey, hare, mountain fox, marten and Himalayan wolf are also present. The highest parts of Everest do not hold life. But in the lower expanses, birches, junipers, blue pines, firs, bamboos and rhododendrons are seen. No plant is visible above the height of the mountain at 18,690 feet.
Height Of Mount Everest
The exact height of the summit is dependent on the level of snow, gravity deviation, and light refraction. So it is difficult to say the exact height. The height of Everest was established at 29,2828 feet or 8,848 meters by the Survey of India between 1952 and 1954. It became widely accepted. It was used by most researchers, mapping agencies and publishers until 1999.
In 1999, several countries and agencies re-measured the height of the mountain. In 1999 the American National Geographic Society and the American Survey used GPS equipment to measure the exact height of the mountain. She was 29,3535 feet or 8,850 meters plus or minus 6.5 feet. That discovery was accepted by experts in the fields of society, geodesy and cartography.
Everest Mountain Built Of Which Rock
Mount Everest is made up of several layers of rock. There are metamorphic schists and gneisses in the rocks at the lower elevations of Mount Everrest. He is present over the igneous granites. Sedimentary rocks of the sea floor are found in the upper part of the mountain. Which are the remains of the Tethys Sea, which was closed after the collision of two plates. A Yellow Band is a formation of limestone. It is visible just below the summit of a pyramid-shaped mountain.
How Mount Everest Was Made
The mountain ranges of the Himalayas have risen above the sea due to the tectonic activities of the Earth and have been established in the form of mountains. Between 40 and 50 million years ago the plates of India and Australia moved from south to north due to tectonic activities. After the collision with the Eurasian Plate, the subsequent plates turned downwards.
The Himalayas began to rise 25 to 30 million years ago, and the Great Himalayas began to take their present form at the time of the Pleistocene Epoch, 2,600,000 to 11,700 years ago. Everest and its surrounding peaks are part of a larger mountain mass. It is the focal point or knot of the tectonic action of the Himalayas. This is indicated by information from global positioning instruments located on Everest in the late 1990s.
The summit of Everest is covered with hard rock-like snow. It keeps on turning into a layer of soft snow. It fluctuates up to 5-20 feet annually. The snow level is highest in September after the rains. There is little change in May after the north-westerly cold winds have ended. The summit and upper slopes of the mountain are located at the highest elevation of the earth. Here the oxygen for breathing is present in the amount equal to one-third of the sea level. The lack of oxygen, strong cold winds, and extremely cold temperatures make it difficult for plant or animal life to develop.
Mount Everest Map
Video of Mount Everest Travel Guide
Q. Where is Mount Everest located?
It is situated on the summit of the Himalayas in South Asia.
Q. What is the height of Mount Everest?
29,3535 feet (8,850 meters)
Q. Who was the first person to climb Mount Everest?
In 1953 New Zealander Edmund Hillary and Sherpa Tenzing Norgay were the first to reach the summit.
Q. What stone is Mount Everest made of?
Mount Everrest is made up of several layers of rock.
Q. How does Mount Everest look like?
Everest looks like a three-sided pyramid.
Q. Who lives on Mount Everest?
It is not habitable for humans, but the lower valleys are inhabited by Tibetan speaking people.
Q. How much does it cost to climb Everest?
It costs 30000 to 45000 US dollars to go to Mount Everrest.
Q. How long will it take to climb Mount Everest?
It takes about two months to climb the mountain.
Q. At what age should one go to Mount Everest?
Tourists can go to Everest at any age.
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