Jantar Mantar is an architectural marvel located in Ujjain. It was established in the 17th century. Jantar Mantar is also called Veda Shala. It is one of the five observatories (Jaipur, Delhi, Ujjain, Mathura, and Varanasi) built in India. And the first Veda Shala of these group was built in Delhi. The construction of Jantar Mantar at Ujjain was started by Maharaja Jai Singh in 1719 to help Hindu scholars and astrologers with his research and studies.
Jantar Mantar is a result of great hard work. Which not only served as a research center for astronomers in olden times. But it still serves for its astronomical as well as tourist purpose. If you want to know more about Jantar Mantar of Ujjain then definitely read this article. Because today we are going to tell you about the Jantar Mantar of Ujjain along with its information about History, Architecture and Entry fees.
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History of Jantar Mantar Ujjain
The Jantar Mantar of Ujjain was built between 1725 and 1730 AD by Sawai Raja Jai Singh. Jantar Mantar in Ujjain is a historical site as well as an important structure for astronomical research. This Ujjain has been a research center for Hindu astrologers and scholars for a long time. The development of Jantar Mantar was one of the greatest achievements of the 18th century.
The name Jantar Mantar is derived from a Sanskrit word ‘yantra’ and ‘mantra’ which means magical instrument. Some Indian astronomers maintain that the Tropic of Cancer must pass through Ujjain, which makes Jantar Mantar an important observatory for Hindu geographers as well. It was renovated in the year 1923 by the then Maharaja of Gwalior, Madhav Rao Scindia. Even today this Jantar Mantar is a home of various astronomical studies.
Best Time To Visit Jantar Mantar Ujjain
October to March are the best months to visit Ujjain. Because the weather here is pleasant and windy. This season is the perfect time for sightseeing. And the weather of the city remains 20 degree Celsius. During winter the whole city is full of mist in the morning. It is quite cold at night. It gets very hot here during the summer season. Due to this the temperature reaches up to 45 degree Celsius. It is best to visit Ujjain during winters.
Architecture Of Jantar Mantar Ujjain
The Jantar Mantar in Ujjain is the result of Sawai Raja Jai Singh brainpower. It was built in Ujjain as the ‘Greenwich of India’. Raja Jai Singh made his foray into the world of planetary and religious science with the creation of this yantra. Red sandstone has been used in the construction of Jantar Mantar. Also, for the care of these instruments, a separate coating has been done around their place.
Nadivalaya Yantra is such an instrument manufactured here which has two parts and which is made on the ground. This instrument has one Bharat northern and one southern. Its northern disc is illuminated when the Sun is in the northern hemisphere and when the Sun is in the southern hemisphere, its southern disc or part is illuminated.
Samrat Yantra is a 22 feet long instrument. Which has an inclination of 23 degrees and 10 degrees. There is a ladder in the middle of this instrument, due to its upper surface being parallel to the Earth’s axis, the pole star is visible in it. A quarter round part has been made to show the east and west direction of the walls of the staircase. In this part the third part of the hour, minute and minute has remained.
The Yagyasala Yantra has a circular wall with a diameter of 32 feet and 10 inches. This instrument is used to find the height and azimuth of any celestial body.
Shank Yantra is a device situated here which is built in the plane of a horizon circle, from whose shadow seven lines have been drawn. Which represents the 12 zodiac signs. These lines show the longest day on 22 June, the shortest day on 22 December and equal day and night on 21 March and 23 September. Explain that the shadow of the cone formed here keeps on increasing or decreasing with increasing or decreasing the duration of the day.
Importance Of Jantar Mantar
The observatory at Ujjain was built for astronomical tables and prediction of the movements of the Sun, the planets and the Moon. Raja Jai Singh had a keen interest in astronomy. He studied many books related to astro-mathematics. Jai Singh has made a great contribution for the establishment of the observatory at Ujjain. The observatory was restored by Madhavrao Scindia in 1923. The instruments put up by Jai Singh at the Ujjain Jantar Mantar include the Sun-dale, Nadivalayatra, Diganshayantra and Transit Yantra.
Jantar Mantar Timings And Entry fees
Talking about the timings of Jantar Mantar Ujjain, the observatory of Ujjain is open from 7:00 am to 7:00 pm on all days. For your information, let us tell you that the time required to see this beautiful place is 1-2 hours. Talk about the entrance fee of Jantar Mantar. So 10 rupees for Indian tourists and 100 rupees for foreign tourists. The fee for the students is Rs 5 and the fee for the planetarium is Rs 20.
Tourist places of Ujjain
- Ram Mandir Ghat
- Mahakaleshwar Temple
- Kaal Bhairav Temple
- Jantar Mantar
- Kaliadeh Palace
- Mangalnath Temple
- Gadkalika Temple
- Bhartrihari Caves
- Twenty four pillar temple
- Iskcon temple
- Big ganesh
- Chintaman Ganesh Temple
- Gomti kund
- Ghadoot Resort Water Park & Club
- Vikram Kirti Mandir Museum
- Gopal Mandir
- Shani Mandir
How To Reach Jantar Mantar Ujjain
Ujjain is well connected to Indian cities by roads and railway network. Indore Airport is the nearest airport to Ujjain. It is 55 km away from the city. Indore is well connected to major cities of India through air. Buses and cabs are readily available to reach Ujjain from Indore. Ujjain is well connected by state road transport public bus services. Buses are easily available from major states of Madhya Pradesh city to reach here. Ujjain Junction railway station is the major railway station here and is well connected to all the major stations of the country.
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